The island of Masirah enjoys a unique strategic location on the Arabian Sea, which contributed significantly to trading activity and shipping in ancient times. Dr. Hamad bin Mohammed Al Ghailiani, a historian, said in his book The Ancient History of Masirah Island that the residents of Masirah Island have long associated their lives with the sea and made significant contributions to trade and shipping.
They have contributed to ship / boat building and exported to neighboring areas including Yemen. He added that human skeletons were found to date from between 4790 and 3826 BC. The oldest were found in Oman and on the Arabian Peninsula. There are over 127 archaeological sites in Masirah with items from the Bronze Age, Iron Age and Islamic Period, ”he said.
Dr. Al Ghailiani said that Masirah is known for four species of sea turtles and rare plants called Stripagrastis Masirahenis, along with the presence of mountain gazelles known as Gazella Cora and clams known as Cardium pseudolima that are unique to Masirah.
Masirah was mentioned in a book about the tour of the Eretria Sea in the first century AD and was famous for trading in shields made from turtle shells. The skilled people there were also famous for building boats that sailed from Masirah to Sur and northern Oman to the ports of Yemen. At the beginning of the 20th century there were 15 boats.
He said the main archaeological sites discovered on Masirah Island included the Safrat Al Hadhri, Wadi Madhi, Wadi Khasit, Wadi Maghar and Wadi Maghla cemeteries, among others.
He added that items found on the island included small pots and pottery, stones, rings made of shells and precious stones, human bones, bones of turtles and birds, and metal spear heads, among other things.